The new draft bill concerning the introduction of digital securities by the Federal Ministry of Finance and the Federal Ministry of Justice introduces a new era in the German capital market by establishing digital securities.The draft bill represents a shift away from the requirement of a physical document for securities under German securities law. Deutsches Aktieninstitut welcomes the initiative, but further clarifications are needed in the legislation.
Deutsches Aktieninstitut welcomes the opportunity to comment on the European Commission’s Inception Impact Assessment on the review of the Benchmarks Regulation (BMR). We welcome the initiative to improve the BMR, to ensure the continued availability to EU users of third country benchmarks for which no suitable alternative exists in the Union and to improve the user-friendliness of the regime for benchmark users. Deutsches Aktieninstitut calls, among other ...
From the issuers’ perspective, MAR has led to a situation in which issuers face constant legal uncertainties. This position paper identifies existing problems and proposes concrete amendments. Deutsches Aktieninstituts sees as problematic in particular the very broad and vague term of inside information, the treatment of early stages of protracted processes as inside information and the poor protection of reasonable interests in the event of delay disclosure.
Deutsches Aktieninstitut participates in the evaluation of § 43 WpHG by the Federal Ministry of Finance. In its current form, the provision provides little added value for stakeholders. Deutsches Aktieninstitut supports specifications and extensions of the regulation and recommends, among other things, the reduction of the reporting period to four days and the possibility of administrative fines for infringements of notification obligations.
Deutsches Aktieninstitut welcomes the objective to strengthen the role of Germany as a top location for digitization and being a leader in using new technologies like blockchain. In this context, electronic securities and token regulation are important steps to increase the attractiveness of the German capital market.
Starting in 2020 listed companies will be obliged to file annual reports as an XHTML-file, in which core financial information has to be tagged in iXBRL. This is laid down in a Delegated Regulation on the EU Transparency Directive. Currently it is discussed whether the iXBRL tagging must be audited or not. From Deutsches Aktieninstitut's perspective this is neither necessary from a material perspective nor can it be derived from other EU legislation.
Deutsches Aktieninstitut opposes a proposal of the German state finance ministers regarding the real estate transfer tax. The proposal would represent a significant and inappropriate tax burden for many stock listed companies. In its position paper Deutsches Aktieninstitut points out that the purchase of shares is not a tax evading measure at all, but an important step to increase long-term wealth and old-age provisions.
Only one year before the EU Benchmark Regulation will be fully in force, there is a high level of uncertainty among non-financial companies, which financial instruments and services referencing to benchmarks will be possible as of 1 January 2020. Deutsches Aktieninstitut, thus, calls for extending transitional periods for critical, for non-critical and for non-EU benchmarks. The latter are for example used in hedging instruments for cash flows from imports and exports.
Deutsches Aktieninstitut together with further European associations commented on the changes made to third country regimes through the investment firm review. The associations support the Commission's proposal to strengthen the equivalence determination process and the assessment criteria for third country firms likely to be of systemic importance for the EU. At the same time the cross-border access of third country firms should not be limited. They criticise especially the proposals to ...
Regarding the consultation on the ESMA Guidelines on presentation of risk factors in the prospectus Deutsches Aktieninstitut points out the right balance between the objective of ESMA to avoid overly generic/lengthy descriptions of risk factors and flexibility for issuers in their assessment of relevant risk factors to be included in the prospectus. Proportionality and coherence are key factors for guidance on risk factors. For instance, the requirement for specificity should not result in the ...
The Prudential Requirments of Investment Firms primary objective is to cope with financial stabiliy issues. This has also been to focus of the proposal of the European Commission in late 2017. Some of the proposed amendments by Members of the European Parliament would obligate certain asset managers - among others - to inform in detail on their behaviour on general meetings and discussions with portfolio companies and to incoporate ESG aspects into their voting guidelines. We criticize these ...
Numerous investment protection agreements with investor protection clauses and investor-state arbitration provisions provide the highest degree of legal certainty for investments. However, the latter is called into question by the judgment of the European Court of Justice in the case of Achmea of 6 March 2018 (C-284/16). In its position paper, the Deutsche Aktieninstitut addresses the European Institutions and urges them to create an EU-wide legal framework of investment protection for EU ...
Deutsches Aktieninstitut welcomes the level II Regulation draft on the SRD II which will help to further improve and harmonise information flows between companies, intermediaries and shareholders and, in turn, will ease to practice shareholders’ rights cross border within the EU. Though we basically welcome the draft, some work remains to be done. Overall, it has to be ensured that the final Regulation works together with existing company laws as well as the needs of issuers to have legal ...
On 24.9.2017 the German citizens will elect the new German Bundestag und thus predefine the forthcoming policitcal, social and economic developments. One important political topic with long-term relevance is the framework for financial and capital markets. Deutsches Aktieninstitut therefore has analysed the election programmes of several political parties (CDU/CSU, SPD, Bündnis 90/Die Grünen, FDP, Die Linke and AfD) regarding issues being relevant for capital markets. Several distinct topics ...
On the 25th of May 2017 a code of conduct for FX markets (“FX Global Code”) was published, which has been developed by an international cross-sectorial expert group led by major central banks. Deutsches Aktieninstitut supports the Code. Its principles aim at strengthening market integrity in the interest of all market participants and offer guidance for good conduct for the FX business while being proportionate to the size, the role and the importance of the various market participants. The ...
European Supervisory Authorities (ESAs) neither need more competences nor a new funding structure. The ESA review should rather focus on making the ESAs mandate more concrete and on improving stakeholder participation, in order to
ensure practicable compliance and to avoid the overstretching of mandates by the ESAs. These are the core messages of Deutsches Aktieninstitut’s position paper on that issue
Starting with Juli 2016 the ECB reference rates for the FX markets will published at 4pm which is two hours after the fixing is calculated. The main objective of this change is to prevent manipulation of the fixings. This position paper questions the necessitiy of the changes and summarizes the practical problems that will result from it for non-financial companies.
In a proposal for a supervisory guideline ESMA is currently about to narrow down the right to delay the publication of inside information of listed companies. This is notin line with the text of the Market Abuse Regulation. Even worse, the ESMA proposal would de facto eliminate the possibility of a delay for a number of situations that currently constitute "a legitimate interest" in two tier board system. This position paper summarizes the concerns of the German listed companies.
Deutsches Aktieninstitut criticises ESMA for the proposal to make XBRL reporting mandatory for listed companies by 2020. Such an obligation would cause significant additional compliance costs and risks for issuers although there is no evidence that analysts or investors are interested in XBRL reporting. The paper is Deutsches Aktieninstitut's response to an ESMA-consultation on the concretisation of the EU Transparency Directive.
The transposition of the amended EU Transparency Directive into German law still needs some improvement. In particular, the regime of major holdings notifications should be me made more efficient and risks for issuers resulting from incorrect notifications should be reduced. These are the requests of Deutsches Aktieninstitut laid down in this position paper for the German parliamentary debate.
In its comments Deutsches Aktieninstitut supports the European Commission’s initiative on building a Capital Markets Union. Further to the steps proposed by the Commission the demand-side of capital markets should, however, be addressed more precisely. This applies especially to the aspect of corporate finance. In addition, a cumulative impact-assessment of the regulatory initiatives launched in the aftermath of the financial crisis is necessary in order to identify and remove barriers for ...
In its position papers regarding the "technical advice" of ESMA on MiFID II/MiFIR Deutsches Aktieninstitut states that the new rules should not impact equity culture in Europe negatively. This applies especially for the offering of share investment advice in banks and the availability of research for SMEs. Besides, an appropriate definition should ensure that contracts for the delivery of commodities used by the real economy are not classified as derivatives. The comment from 16 January 2015 is ...
In its answer to ESMA's consultation on commodity derivatives Deutsches Aktieninstitut asks for the clarification that take or pay clauses in commodity contracts should not be treated as derivatives. Overall, a cash compensation due to force majeure or insolvency should not be confused with a cash settlement.
In the political guidelines for the next EU Commission Jean-Claude Juncker pledges to create a European Capital Markets Union in order to improve the financing of the European economy and in order to further integrate capital markets. This paper lays down Deutsches Aktieninstitut’s perspective on what should be the guiding principles of a proper functioning Capital Markets Union. Our key message is that the perspective on capital markets regulation has to be changed: capital markets, if ...
This position paper critisises ESMA's draft delegated acts on the Market Abuse Regulation. Because ESMA's interpretation reaches too far listed companies in Europe face massive additional compliance risks and costs regarding insider lists, the publication of inside information and the notificatio of managers' transactions.
This position paper on ESMA's draft technical advice on the Market Abuse Regulation raises the concern that the notifications of managers' transactions will likely create misleading signals. According to ESMA's proposal transactions will have to be notified even if the manager has no discretion as to whether the purchase/sale of the share will take place. From Deutsches Aktieninstitut's point of view the notification of such 'passive transactions' would clearly contradict the regulatory ...
Deutsches Aktieninstitut is concerned about a possible mandatory use of an single European electronic format for financial reports of listed companies. This is principally forseen in the revised Transparency Directive. The critique holds true for a possible mandatory implementation of XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language) in particular. This comment summarises Deutsches Aktieninstitut's point of view for the purpose of an impact assessment which is currently conducted by an ...
The position paper comments the draft regulation on "key information documents for packaged retail products". The intention of the EU-parliament to extend the scope of the regulation on corporate bonds would have negative impacts. A key information document for corporate bonds does not provide additionally benefits for retail investors. Nevertheless, its preperation is very burdensome for issuers. As a result attractiveness of capital market financing decreases.
The European Securities Regulator ESMA has become more and more important for issues of accouting and the enforcment of financial information. This may result in a widening of the scope of the enforcement of companies' accounts. The proposed ESMA Guidelines on enforcement of July 2013 appear to work in this direction. Deutsches Aktieninstitut's position paper raises concerns about a number of aspects of the proposal that counter the efficient German system of enforcement.
With this position paper Deutsches Aktieninstitut contributes to ESMA’s consultation on “Draft Regulatory Technical Standards on specific situations that require the publication of a supplement to the prospectus”. ESMA's proposals on supplements to prospectuses contractict the wording and the objective of the Prospectus Directive and Regulation. As a consequence, the issuance of debt securities will likely be more complicated without improving investor protection.
Deutsches Aktieninstitut on high frequency trading - retain the liquidity function and prevent market abuse
Deutsches Aktieninstitut recommands a legislation regarding high frequency trading which is well balanced. The rules should not deteriorate the liquidity of secondary markets and prevent market abuse of high frequency traders.
Comment of Deutsches Aktieninstitut on the government draft of the legislation for the implementation of the European Market Infrastructure Regulation (EMIR)
Comment of Deutsches Aktieninstitut on the ministerial draft of the legislation for the implementation of the European Market Infrastructure Regulation (EMIR)
Deutsches Aktieninstitut's comment on ESMA's draft technical advice on the EU short selling regulation (in German)
Comment of Deutsches Aktieninstitut on the EU regulation of the rating market
Listed companies observe increasing bureaucratic burden as well as decreasing legal certainty from the EU Market Abuse Regulation. In particular, regarding the obligation to publish inside information companies call for guidance. This is the key result of this study conducted by Deutsches Aktieninstitut and Hengeler Mueller. The study is based on a survey among German listed companies on their experiences two years after the Market Abuse Regulation went into ...
The current position paper of Deutsches Aktieninstitut on the exit negotiations between the European Union and the United Kingdom complements the first position paper from February 2017 and covers further relevant topics, e.g. clearing, benchmark and rating. The analyses of financial and capital market legislation and concrete examples from practice illustrate which topics deserve particular attention due to their significance for business and society in connection with the Brexit ...
In its position paper “Exit negotiations between the European Union and the United Kingdom: Minimise Brexit Risks and Strengthen the European Capital Market”, Deutsches Aktieninstitut has identified the essential issues with relevance for capital markets and which deserve particular attention due to their significance for business and society in connection with the Brexit negotiations. Furthermore it makes proposals how the negative impact of Brexit on the affected national economies can be ...
Kurvenlage - Semi-Annual Report of Deutsches Aktieninstitut, 1st Term 2016 (in German)
Focus: Retirement Planning
Focus: Capital Markets Union
Focus: 50 years German stock corporation law
Die Aufsichtspraxis hinsichtlich der Ad-hoc-Publizität muss aus Sicht des Deutschen Aktieninstituts für Emittenten besser handhabbar werden. Das ist das Kernanliegen eines Positionspapiers des Aktieninstituts zur Überarbeitung des Moduls C des BaFin-Emittentenleitfadens, das die Bundesanstalt für Finanzdienstleistungsaufsicht (BaFin) gerade konsultiert. „Wir begrüßen den offenen und produktiven Dialog mit der BaFin und nutzen die Konsultation gerne, um gemeinsam praktikable Lösungen ...
Companies are pleading for more precise legal provisions on ad-hoc publicity and less red tape regarding insider lists and managers´ transactions. This shows the survey “Two Years of EU Market Abuse Regulation”, which has been published byDeutsches Aktieninstitut and the law firm Hengeler Mueller today.
At the annual reception of Deutsches Aktieninstitut, taking place today, Dr. Martin Haferkorn will be awarded the University Prize of Deutsches Aktieninstitut for his dissertation „High-Frequency Trading in Fragmented European Equity Markets – Implications for Market Quality“. The prize is endowed with 12.500 Euros.
At the traditional Brussels reception of Deutsches Aktieninstitut the new EU Commissioner for Financial Stability, Lord Hill, and Markus Ferber, MEP, delivered speeches to more than 200 guests. Werner Baumann, President of Deutsches Aktieninstitut, outlined the expectations of the German economy on the European legislator and presented the latest positions paper of the institute „The Road to Growth: Setting Capital Markets Regulation Right”.
Seit dem Ausbruch der Finanzmarktkrise im Jahr 2008 ist in Politik und Öffentlichkeit die Auffassung weit verbreitet, dass ausschließlich die Kapitalmärkte ursächlich für die derzeitigen Probleme sind. Begriffe wie „Turbokapitalismus" und „Monster Finanzmarkt" sprechen insoweit Bände. Im Finanzbereich hat es definitiv gravierende Fehlentwicklungen gegeben. Das streitet niemand mehr ab. Natürlich ist es richtig und notwendig, den ordnungspolitischen Rahmen soweit zu überarbeiten, ...
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